History of Thrissur has played a prominent role in carving the district as it is today. It derived its name from “Thiru-Shiva-Perur” which when translated means “ The City of Sacred Siva”. The region is built around a hillock, crowned by famous Vadakkunathan (Siva) temple which is believed to be founded by the legend Parasurama, who is said to have reclaimed Kerala from the sea by throwing an axe.
The place has played an important role in shaping the political and social perspectives of the region. Thrissur had witnessed the rise and fall of various dynasties that include the Chera and Kulasekaharas in the 12th century , Zamorins in the 14th and 15th century followed by the Mughals (Tippu Sultan), Portugese, Dutch and British.
In the 14th and 15th centuries the Zamorins of Calicut managed to occupy a large part of the present Thrissur district. Kodungalloor, the old harbour of India, attracted European powers to Kerala for trading spices and other commodities.
In the consequent centuries the European powers dominated the scene. In the start of 15th century, the Portuguese came and by the beginning of the 17th century the Dutch and the English appeared on the panorama and challenged the Portuguese. Internal conflict in the Perumpadappu Swarupam helped the Dutch to establish their domination in Kerala coast. Hyder Ali and Tippu Sultan figured very prominent in the northern part of Kerala during that period.
In the medieval age, the region prospered in culture and became home to communities including Jews, Christians and Muslims. The world’s second oldest mosque namely, Cheraman Juma Masjid which is believed to be built in 628AD, seven years after the Prophet's migration to Medina is located at Methala in Kodungalloor in Thrissur.
Moreover, Thrissur is also the house of India’ oldest Church, St. Thomas Church Palayur. The Church is believed to be built in AD 52 by the renowned Christian missionary, St. Thomas who spread Christianity in India.
Thrissur district is situated in south western India 10.52º N 76.21º E and is at sea level.The city is built on a hillock surrounded by Vadakkunthan temple. The whole region spans an area about 66.15Sq.Km. The centre of the city is the Swaraj Round, where the famous Vadakkumnathan temple and Thekin Kaadu Maidan (Teak forest) are situated.
It is also the venue of the famed colourful cultural event, the Thrissur Pooram. The city enjoys tropical climate; monsoons start in June. The months of April and May can get pretty humid. The best weather is from October to February.
Thrissur always enjoys a warm and cool breeze mornings. The city has a tropical climate and monsoon starts at June. Thrissur has got its best weather from October to February making it the perfect time to make a visit to the city. Although April- May can be very humid, but you cannot afford to miss the mother of all poorams Thrissur Pooram that feature about 100 elephants.
People of Thrissur are the true representatives of traditional South Indian culture. They are well known for their hosting culture and you can always find them welcoming their guests with a heart warming smile and loving pat.
The different communities such as Hindus, Muslims and Christians all live in a harmony and peace in Thrissur. Also, the people of Thrissur have got a literacy rate of 92% and speak Tamil, Hindi and English in addition to the mother language Malayalam.